Marking the 50th anniversary of Churchill’s death, a display of photographs, film footage and artefacts reveals the remarkable scientific breakthroughs that took place under his direction as prime minister.

This exhibition explores the achievements of the scientists and inventors who came to prominence during Churchill’s period in power. It specifically addresses the advancement of discovery during the Second World War – for example the pioneering new methods that enabled chemists to mass-produce penicillin and antibiotics and the radar invented by Robert Watson-Watt that helped Britain win the Battle of Britain.

Lesser-known stories include that of nutritionist Elsie Widdowson and her scientific partner Robert McCance, who self-tested the austere war diet. Their work – The Composition of Foods – remains the standard work on nutrition today.

Churchill's commitment to deepening science education continued past the end of the war. This is highlighted by a further section focusing on discoveries in molecular genetics, radio astronomy, nuclear power, nerve and brain function and robotics post-1945.

Among them are Bernard Lovell’s ambitions to build the world’s largest steerable radio telescope and John Kendrew’s ground-breaking research into myoglobin – the first protein to be analysed structurally in three dimensions.

Science Museum

Exhibition Road, London, SW7 2DD

020 7942 4000

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Opening times

Daily, 10am – 6pm (last entry 5.15pm)
Closed 24 – 26 Dec

Free to all

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