Part of the Tate group, the gallery was opened in 2000 in a former power station on the bank of the River Thames and was a finalist for Art Fund Museum of the Year 2017.
Originally the Tate collection was held at Millbank (now Tate Britain), but after the additions of Tate Liverpool in the 1980s and Tate St Ives in the 1990s, the decision was made to create a second London gallery specifically for modern and international art.
In 1995 Swiss architects Herzog & De Meuron were appointed to convert the Bankside Power Station for this purpose; their vision was structured around the building's original features – a magnificent turbine hall of 35 metres high and 152 metres long, as well as a boiler house and central chimney.
The huge success of the gallery meant that by 2004 it was struggling to contain the numbers of people that wanted to visit. Plans to convert the adjoining switch house were once again masterminded by Herzog & De Meuron.
The new ten-story extension was completed in 2016, increasing the size of Tate Modern by 60 per cent. The gallery is now able to showcase more of its collection and offer dedicated spaces for performances of live art. It also boasts a viewing terrace with panoramic views across London.
The redevelopment means the Turbine Hall now lies at the heart of the museum, with the Boiler House and the Switch House to either side.
It was shortlisted for Art Fund Museum of the Year 2017.
The collection was completely re-hung in 2016 as part of the Switch House extension project – 75 per cent of the art now on display was acquired since the gallery opened 2000.
While the gallery continues to represent the likes of Dalí, Magritte, Miró, Picasso, Mondrian and Matisse, it also showcases the results of its recent acquisition programme, which has focused on photography, performance and film, as well as the work of a broader range of international and female artists. The collection is shown in spaces across the Boiler and the Switch House.