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Long renowned as one of the finest artists of the Renaissance, Da Vinci was also one of the greatest anatomists the world has ever seen.

Almost 500 years after his death, this exhibition – also part of the Edinburgh festival – uses 21st-century technology to explore the modern relevance of Da Vinci's anatomical research.

Da Vinci's historical drawings are presented in juxtaposition with CT and MRI scans, computer simulations and 3D film of the body, proving how incredibly far-sighted his work was and why it still remains vital to anatomists working today.

The artist originally began researching the human body to ensure that his paintings were as 'true to nature' as possible but became so fascinated with what he discovered that he ended up producing an entire illustrated treatise on anatomy.

As part of his investigations, he dissected more than 30 corpses in hospitals and medical schools, filling hundreds of pages of his notebooks with detailed sketches that were unlike any that had been seen before.

Had they been published, these could have transformed European knowledge of anatomy but upon Da Vinci's death in 1519 they were lost amongst his personal papers and remained undiscovered for hundreds of years.

The range of graphic techniques that he developed to produce these drawings foreshadow modern medical imaging to a bewildering degree.

Drawing on principles he had learnt from other disciplines such as architecture and engineering, his diagrams use 'exploded views' to portray structure and movement, pulling elements apart to show how they fit together.

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