1913: The Shape of Time
22 November 2012 – 17 February 2013
Free to all
The year before the outbreak of the First World War marked a shift in how we conceptualise time, which sculpture was uniquely poised to explore.
Umberto Boccioni died in 1916 after being thrown from a horse. A year earlier Henri Gaudier-Brzeska had been killed fighting in the trenches. They were two of Modernism's most radical sculptures, and both feature in this exhibition at the Henry Moore Institute.
1913 saw widespread discussion of the concept of simultaneity, an idea first given expression in art by Paul Cézanne and taken further by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Boccioni himself responded to the speed and dynamism of modern life in his seminal 1913 Cubist sculptures.
The Wrestlers, a posthumous cast of the 21-year-old Gaudier-Bzreska's relief, will be shown alongside forms by Cubist sculptors Alexander Archipenko and Otto Gutfreund. There are also two-dimensional works describing sculptural form, including Amedeo Modigliani's drawing Caryatid and Giorgio de Chirico's ominous painting The Tower.