This is the last of a series of six paintings illustrating Homer's Iliad, often considered Hamilton's greatest achievement, executed in a neo-Poussinesque style.

It has been argued that Hamilton's Iliad is based on Alexander Pope's translation of Homer and is influenced by Aristotle's definition of tragedy in his Poetics. Also noteworthy is Hamilton's deliberate choice of the Doric column, a Grecian and not a Roman order, for the temple in the background. A contemporary praised Hamilton's history paintings for preserving a notable 'propriety with regard to costume, and a dignity of manner'.


8th Duke of Hamilton in Rome. Hamilton and Kinneil Estates.

Hunterian Art Gallery

University Of Glasgow, 82 Hillhead Street, Glasgow, Strathclyde, G12 8QQ
0141 330 4221

Opening times

Hunterian Art Gallery Tue–Sat 10am–​5pm, Sun 11am–​4pm. Last entry to Mackintosh House 4.15pm (3.15pm Sun).

Back to top